Abramowitz, Ryan, Elizabeth Elliott, and Alice Isabella Sullivan. “Saint Catherine’s Monastery, Mount Sinai, Egypt.” God’s Collections, 2023.

Anderson, Jeffrey C. “The Illustration of Cod. Sinai gr. 339.” The Art Bulletin 61 (1979): 167185.

Andreopoulos, Andreas. “The Mosaic of the Transfiguration in St. Catherine’s Monastery on Mount Sinai: A Discussion of its Origins.” Byzantion 72, no. 1 (2002): 941.

Archbishop Damianos. “The Icon as a Ladder of Divine Ascent in Form and Color.” In Byzantium: Faith and Power (1261-1557), edited by Helen C. Evans, 335–40. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2004.

Atiya, Aziz Suryal, The Monastery of St. Catherine on Mount Sinai. Cairo, 1950.

Baddeley, Oriana, and Earleen Brunner, eds. The Monastery of Saint Catherine. Exhib. Cat. London: Foundation for Hellenic Culture; London: The Saint Catherine Foundation, 1996.

Basisili, William Farid. Sinai and the Monastery of St. Catherine: A Practical Guide for Travelers, 4th ed. Cairo, 1962.

Beckwith, John. "Byzantine Influence on Art at the Court of Charlemagne". In Wolfgang Braunfels, ed., Karolingische Kunst. Dusseldorf: Schwann, 1965.

Bentley, James. Secrets of Mount Sinai: The Story of the World’s Oldest Bible - Codex Sinaiticus. Garden City: Doubleday, 1986.

Braun, Joan Mary. “Saint Catherine’s Monastery Church, Mount Sinai: Literary Sources from the Fourth Through the Nineteenth Centuries.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, 1973.

Carr, Annemarie Weyl. “The Presentation of an Icon at Mount Sinai.” Δελτίον Χριστιανικής Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας 35 (1993-1994): 239248.

Chryssavgis, John. John Climacus: From the Egyptian Desert to the Sinaite Mountain. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004.

Coleman, Simon and John Elsner. “The Pilgrim’s Progress: Art, Architecture, and Ritual Movement at Sinai.” World Archaeology 26, no. 1 (1994): 7389.

Della Dora, Veronica. “Taking Sacred Space out of Place: From Mount Sinai to Mount Getty Through Travelling Icons.” Mobilities 4, no. 2 (2009): 225248.

Demus, Otto. Byzantine Art in the West. New York University Press, 1970.

Drandaki, Anastasia. “Through Pilgrims’ Eyes: Mt. Sinai in Pilgrim Narratives of the 13th and 14th Centuries.” Deltion tes Christianikes Archaiologikes Hetaireias 27 (2006): 491503.

Drewer, Lois Jean. “The Carved Wood Beams of the Church of Justinian, Monastery of St. Catherine, Mount Sinai.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, 1971.

Eckenstein, Lina. A History of Sinai. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; New York: The Macmillan Co., 1921.

Elsner, Jás. "Encounter: The Mosaics in the Monastery of St. Catherine at Mount Sinai." Gesta 55, no. 1 (March 2016): 1-3.

Elsner, John. “The Viewer and the Vision: The Case of the Sinai Apse.” Art History 17, no. 1 (1994): 81102.

Evans, Helen C., and Bruce White. Saint Catherine's Monastery, Sinai, Egypt: A Photographic Essay. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004.

Finkelstein, Israel. "Byzantine Prayer Niches in Southern Sinai." Israel Exploration Journal 31, no. 1/2 (1981): 81-91.

Folda, Jaroslav. “An Icon of the Crucifixion and the Nativity at Sinai: Investigating its Visual Language.” In Pictorial Languages and Their Meanings. Edited by Christine B. Verzar and Gil Fishhof. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University Press, The Yolanda and David Katz Faculty of the Arts, 2006. 119132.

Forsyth, Ilene, and Elizabeth Sears. “George H. Forsyth and the Sacred Fortress at Sinai.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 70 (2016): 117150.

Forsyth, George H., and Kurt Weitzmann. “Saving the Mount Sinai Mosaics.” Biblical Archaeology Review 4, no. 4 (1978): 1631.

Forsyth, George H., and Kurt Weitzmann. The Monastery of Saint Catherine at Mount Sinai: The Church and Fortress of Justinian. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press; Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Forsyth, George H. “The Monastery of St. Catherine at Mt. Sinai: The Church and Fortress of Justinian.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 22 (1968): 119.

Forsyth, George H. “Island of Faith in the Sinai Wilderness.” National Geographic 125, no. 1 (January 1964): 81128.

Galavaris, George. Bread and the Liturgy: the Symbolism of Early Christian and Byzantine Bread Stamps. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1970.

Galey, John. Sinai and the Monastery of St. Catherine. Introduction by George H. Forsyth and Kurt Weitzmann. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1980.

Gerstel, Sharon E. J. and Robert S. Nelson, eds. Approaching the Holy Mountain: Art and Liturgy at St Catherine’s Monastery in the Sinai. Turnhout: Brepols, 2010.

Hobbs, Joseph J. Mount Sinai. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995.

Huber, Paul. Heilige Berge: Sinai, Athos, Golgota. Zurich: Benziger, 1980.

Johann George, Herzog zu Sachsen/Prince of Saxony. Das Katharinekloster am Sinai. Leipzig-Berlin: B.G. Teubner, 1912.

Kamil, Jill. The Monastery of Saint Catherine in Sinai: History and Guide. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1992.

Kühnel, Gustav. “Die ‘Ikone des Sinai-Klosters’ und verwandte Pilgerillustrationen.” Oriens Christianus Ser. 4, 29 (1981): 163218.

Labib, Mahfouz. Pelerins et voyageurs au Mont Sinai (Recherches d'archeologic, de philologie, et d'histoire, 25). Cairo: L'institut Francais d'Archeologie Orientale, 1961.

Larison, Kristine Marie. “Mount Sinai and the Monastery of St. Catherine: Place and Space in Pilgrimage Art.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 2016.

Loerke, William. “Observations on the Representation of Doxa in the Mosaics of S. Maria Maggiore, Rome, and St. Catherine’s, Sinai.” Gesta 20, no. 1 (1981): 1522.

Manaphēs, Kōnstantinos A. Sinai: Treasures of the Monastery of Saint Catherine. Athens: Ekdotike Athenon, 1990.

Martin, John Rupert. The Illustration of the Heavenly Ladder of John Climacus. Studies in Manuscript Illumination 5. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1954.

Miziołek, Jerzy. “Transfiguratio Domini in the Apse at Mt Sinai and the Symbolism of Light.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 53 (1990): 4260.

Mouriki, Doula. “A Moses Cycle on a Sinai Icon of the Early Thirteenth Century.” In Byzantine East, Latin West: Art-Historical Studies in Honor of Kurt Weitzmann. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995. 531–540.

Mouriki, Doula. “A Pair of Early 13th-Century Moses Icons at Sinai with the Scenes of the Burning Bush and the Receiving of the Law.” Deltion tes Christianikes Archaiologikes Hetaireias 16 (1991-92): 171–184.

Mouriki, Doula. “Portraits de donateurs et invocations sur les icônes du XIIIe siècle au Sinaï.” Études balkaniques, cahiers Pierre Belon 2 (1995): 105–135.

Murray, Peter, and Linda Murray. The Oxford Companion to Christian Art and Architecture. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Nardi, Roberto. “Restoration of the ‘Mosaic of the Transfiguration’ in St. Catherine Monastery on Mount Sinai.” Solo Mosaico: Tradition, Technique, Contemporary Art (2011): 2837.

Nardi, Roberto. The Conservation of the Mosaic of the Transfiguration: Monastery of St. Catherine, Sinai. Rome: Centro di Conservatione Archaeologica, 2006.

Nelson, Robert S., and Kristen M. Collins, eds. Holy Image, Hallowed Ground: Icons from Sinai. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2006.

Nelson, Robert S. “An Icon at Mt. Sinai and Christian Painting in Muslim Egypt During the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries.” The Art Bulletin 65 (1983): 201218.

Paliouras, Athanasios. The Monastery of St. Catherine on Mount Sinai. Sinai: St. Catherine’s Monastery, 1985.

Palmer, G.E.H., Philip Sherrard, and Kallistos Ware, eds. The Philokalia: The Complete Text Compiled by St Nikodimos of the Holy Mountain and St Makarios of Corinth. Vol. 3. 4 vols. London: Faber and Faber, 1984.

Pentcheva, Bissera. “The Aesthetics of Landscape and Icon at Sinai.” RES: Anthropology and Aesthetics 65/66 (2014/15): 192209.

Piatnitsky, Yuri. Sinai, Byzantium, Russia: Orthodox Art from the Sixth to the Twentieth Century. London: Saint Catherine Foundation in association with The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, 2000.

Rabino, Hyacinth Louis. Le Monastère de Sainte-Catherine du Mont Sinaï. Cairo: E. & R. Schindler, 1935.

Rabino, M.H.L, "Le Monastere de Sainte-Catherine (Mount Sinai); Souvenirs epigraphiques des anciens pelerins," Bulletin de la Societe Royale de geographie d'Equpte, vol. 19, 1935. 

Rabino, M.H.L. Le Monastere du Mont Sinai. Cairo: Impr. E. Spada, 1938.

Rabino, Hyacinth Louis. Le Monastere de Sainte-Catherine du Mont Sinai, 1958.

Ramljak, Suzanne. “The Monastery of St. Catherine: Its Art and Its History are Positively Byzantine.” Michigan Today 19, no. 3 (1987): 13.

Rossi, Corinna. The Treasures of the Monastery of Saint Catherine. Vercelli, Italy: White Star, 2006.

Rothenberg, Beno. God's Wilderness: Discoveries in Sinai. Translated by Joseph Witriol. London: Thames and Hudson, 1961.

Ševcenko, Ihor. “The Early Period of the Sinai Monastery in Light of its Inscriptions.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 20 (1966): 255264.

Ševčenko, Nancy Patterson. “The Monastery of Mount Sinai and the Cult of Saint Catherine.” In Byzantium, Faith and Power (1261-1557): Perspectives on Late Byzantine Art and Culture. Edited by Sarah T. Brooks. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art; New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006. 118–137.

Ševčenko, Nancy Patterson. “St. Catherine of Alexandria and Mount Sinai.” In Ritual and Art: Byzantine Essays for Christopher Walter. Edited by Pamela Armstrong. London: Pindar Press, 2006. 129–143.

Ševčenko, Nancy Patterson. “Marking Holy Time: The Byzantine Calendar Icons.” In Byzantine Icons: Art, Technique and Technology. Edited by Maria Vassilaki. Heraklion: Crete University Press, 2002. 5162.

Skrobucha, Heinz. Sinai. Translated by Geoffrey Hunt. London: Oxford University Press, 1966.

St. John Climacus. The Ladder of Divine Ascent. Translated by Colm Luibheid and Norman Russel. The Classics of Western Spirituality: A Library of the Great Spiritual Masters. Ramsey, NJ: Paulist Press, 1982. 

Tarnanidēs, Iōannēs C. The Slavonic Manuscripts Discovered in 1975 at St. Catherineʼs Monastery on Mount Sinai. Thessaloniki: Hellenic Association for Slavonic Studies, 1988.

Trahoulia, Nicolette. “The Truth in Painting: A Refutation of Heresy in a Sinai Icon.” Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinistik 52 (2002): 271285.

Trilling, James. “Sinai Icons: Another Look.” Byzantion 53 (1983): 300311.

Weitzmann, Kurt, and G. Galavaris. The Monastery of Saint Catherine at Mount Sinai: The Illuminated Greek Manuscripts, vol. 1, From the Ninth to the Twelfth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “Icons Programs of the 12th and 13th Centuries at Sinai.” Deltion tes Christianikes Archaiologikes Hetaireias 12, no. 4 (1984): 63116.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “The Sinai Psalter cod. 48 with Marginal Illustrations and Three Leaves in Leningrad.” In Byzantine Liturgical Psalters and Gospels. Edited by Kurt Weitzmann. London: Variorum Reprints, 1980. VII.

Weitzmann, Kurt. The Monastery of Saint Catherine at Mount Sinai. The Icons. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.

Weitzmann, Kurt. Illustrated Manuscripts at St. Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai. Collegeville: St. John’s University Press, 1973.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “Four Icons on Mount Sinai: New Aspects in Crusader Art.” Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinistik 21 (1972): 288.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “Three Painted Crosses at Sinai.” In Kunsthistorische Forschungen: Otto Pächt zu einem 70. Geburtstag. Edited by Artur Rosenauer. Salzburg: Residenz Verlag, 1972. 2335.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “A Metamorphosis Icon or Miniature on Mt. Sinai.” Starinar 20 (1969): 415-421. Reprinted in Byzantine Liturgical Psalters and Gospels. Edited by Kurt Weitzmann. London: Variorum Reprints, 1980. VIII.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “The Mosaic in St. Catherine’s Monastery on Mount Sinai.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 110, no. 6 (1966): 392405.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “An Encaustic Icon with the Prophet Elijah at Mount Sinai.” In Mélanges offerts à Kazimierz Michałowski. Edited by Marie-Louise Bernhard. Warsaw: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1966. 720–722.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “Eine spätkomnenische Verkündigungsikone des Sinai und die zweite byzantinische Welle des 12. Jahrhunderts.” In Festschrift für Herbert von Einem zum 16. Februar 1965. Edited by Gert von der Osten and George Kauffmann. Berlin: Mann, 1965. 299312.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “Fragments of an Early St. Nicholas Triptych on Mount Sinai.” Deltion tes Christianikes Archaiologikes Hetaireias 4, no. 4 (1964/66): 1123.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “The Jephthah Panel in the Bema of the Church of St. Catherine’s Monastery on Mount Sinai.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 18 (1964): 341352.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “Crusader Icons on Mount Sinai.” Actes du XIIe Congrès International des Études Byzantines: Ochride, 10-16 Septembre 1961. Belgrade: Naučno Delo, 1964. Volume 3. 409414.

Weitzmann, Kurt, and Fred Anderegg. “Mount Sinai’s Holy Treasures.” National Geographic (1964): 109127.  

Weitzmann, Kurt. “Thirteenth Century Crusader Icons on Mount Sinai.” The Art Bulletin 45, no. 3 (1963):  179203.

Weitzmann, Kurt, and Ihor Ševcenko. “The Moses Cross at Sinai.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 17 (1963): 385398.

Weitzmann, Kurt. “Eine Pariser-Psalter-Kopie des 13. Jahrhunderts auf dem Sinai.” Jahrbuch der österreichischen byzantinischen Gesellschaft 6 (1957): 125144.


NOTE: This preliminary bibliography has been compiled by Dr. Alice Isabella Sullivan. To suggest updates, please write to and use the subject line "Sinai Bibliography".